The amount of people who have experienced or currently experiencing mental health issues is on the rise. Not only do we pay more attention now to these types of problems we are also a lot more accepting.
This means people more readily seek help and get a diagnosis than they did before. This can make it seem as if there are more mental health issues these days. What it really means is that more people recognize that they are not okay.
Mental illness is characterized by experiences that take place in the mind, but they can, in fact, have physical symptoms to go along with them. This can seriously affect their emotional well-being and overall quality of life.
Here’s a bit of a look at some of the most common mental illnesses popping up these days. It’s meant to be a quick guide, so you know what is going on today.
Depression affects over 300 million separate people and is one of the most common and well known mental disorders out there. It tends to be more common in women than men but can be found in both.
If someone experiences depression this means they might feel sadness, have issues feeling pleasure, have a loss of interest in things, problems falling asleep, low self-esteem, exhaustion, eating problems, and more.
There is more to depression than having an imbalance of chemicals in the brain, though of course, that contributes. It also involves life events, genetics, and other issues. The chemical imbalance is usually an improper form of producing serotonin, which is meant to keep you happy.
Depression can really affect a person’s day to day life and their relationships. It can also end up causing suicidal thoughts or actions.
Common with depression, anxiety is another disorder that can come along with it or alone. 40 million adults in the United States have some form of anxiety disorder. It is an illness that is treatable and is caused by many things including genetics and environment.
People who have anxiety constantly worry irrationally about situations or things they have no control over. It might not even make sense to them, and they are aware of that, but it doesn’t change the intense fear or panic that they have about it.
Sadly less than half the people with anxiety get proper treatment. The symptoms need to be managed to help create a good quality of life.
Bipolar Affective Disorder
Manic and depressive episodes are the hallmark of this disorder. This can be peppered with times of average or stable moods which can make it all the more confusing. 60 million people around the world have bipolar disorder.
It is common for bipolar episodes to be particularly intense. Manic episodes involve hyperactivity, irritable mood, high self-esteem, and reckless behavior along with insomnia. Depressive episodes can be even scarier. They cause people to feel extremely sad and hopeless, giving them no energy and issues with sleeping.
Schizophrenia And Other Psychoses
Psychoses affect around 23 million people around the world. Schizophrenia is one of the more common and well-known versions of psychoses. It distorts the way people see and think. This means they may have distorted perception, thinking, emotions, behavior, and a sense of self.
It is common for people to experience hallucinations and delusions as they start to emerge into adulthood. This can really affect how they live and their relationships with friends or family and their ability to find work.
There is a lot of stigmas out there about psychoses, and too many people don’t find the support that they need.